Lichtenstein Castle, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany
For fans of Robin Hood or tales about bewitched and imprisoned in towers princesses a magic corner exists in Baden-Wuerttemberg - in southern Germany. This fairytale castle - Castle Lichtenstein (Schloss Lichtenstein) stands on a high rock cliff - at an altitude of 817 meters. The building was constructed near the ruins of the old Lichtenstein castle, which was built during the second half of the 12th century and destroyed in the 14th. In 1390 new castle was built here, which was the residence of the Dukes of Lichtenstein until 1567. Over the next two and a half centuries, the castle was slowly being destroyed by time, until it was demolished in 1802. A modest hunting lodge was built on its place.
In 1837 Duke William of Urach bought this house from his uncle and under the influence of Wilhelm Hauff's novel "Lichtenstein" decided to build a castle, where once the old Lichtenstein castle was standing. New Lishtenshtein was built in 1840-1842. Its creators were trying to recreate the atmosphere of medieval European castles. The architect of the new building Carl Alexander Heideloff built the new Lichtenstein castle in romantic neo-Gothic style. Foundation walls of the old castle have been preserved.
The castle is surrounded by a deep moat. To enter the castle one must pass the drawbridge that leads to the gate with two small observational towers on both sides. Although the castle is small, its size does not diminish the beauty of Lichtenstein. The castle is especially fabulous in summer, when the walls are covered by green hanging plants. In sum, this small stone castle with its red roofs and gothic towers can be described only by one word - fairytale. It is not surprising, that the castle was the shooting ground for the 2009 movie "Sleeping Beauty".
The castle is still owned by the Dukes of Urach. In 1990s a museum was opened here and the castle now is open to visitors. Here you can see a collection of historic weapons, armor and other artefacts. An incredibly beautiful panoramas are available from the castle. In 1986 replica of Lichtenstein was built in South Africa - in the town Hout Bay, near Cape Town.
By Anna Pambukhchyan, www.building.am