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Geghard Monastery, Armenia

Geghad monastery was formerly called Ayrivank (cave monastery). In XIII century Ayrivank was renamed to Geghard (spear that Roman soldier used to pierce crucified Jesus). The legend says that the monastery was built right after Christianity was adopted in Armenia (IV century). Surb Astvatsatsin church (Holy Mother of God) was built in 1164 by Zakaryans and was later reconstructed by Proshyans in 1257-1258 and Katokhike (the main church) was built in 1215 and some experts find it similar to the Surb Astvatsatsin church (Holy Mother of God) near Amberd fortress. Geghard Monastery was placed on UNESCO's World Heritage List in 2000.



 


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